Are Single Mothers Finding Jobs Without Displacing Other Workers?

Posted: 3 Feb 2013

See all articles by Robert I. Lerman

Robert I. Lerman

The Urban Institute; American University; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Caroline E. Ratcliffe

The Urban Institute - Labor and Social Policy Center

Date Written: July 1, 2001

Abstract

Despite the significant flow of single mothers into the job market as a result of welfare reform between 1996 and 1998, this analysis of 20 metropolitan areas indicates that labor markets were able to absorb these new workers without a negative impact on competing workers. Double-digit rates of job growth for single mothers took place in most of the 20 metropolitan areas. Wages increased and overall employment rates improved for single mothers and other less-educated adults. Even in metropolitan areas with high unemployment and high welfare caseloads, such as New York, Los Angeles, Chicago, and Philadelphia, enough jobs materialized to expand employment and reduce unemployment for single mothers with little or no harm imposed on the job opportunities of competing workers.

Suggested Citation

Lerman, Robert I. and Ratcliffe, Caroline E., Are Single Mothers Finding Jobs Without Displacing Other Workers? (July 1, 2001). Monthly Labor Review, Vol. 124, No. 7, 2001. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2209419

Robert I. Lerman (Contact Author)

The Urban Institute ( email )

2100 M Street, NW
Washington, DC 20037
United States

American University

4400 Massachusetts Avenue NW
Washington, DC 20816-8044
United States

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Caroline E. Ratcliffe

The Urban Institute - Labor and Social Policy Center ( email )

2100 M Street, NW
Washington, DC 20037
United States
202-261-5548 (Phone)
202-463-8522 (Fax)

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