A Note on the Benefits to Current Residents of State Employment Growth: Is There an Industry Mix Effect on Migration?
15 Pages Posted: 31 Jan 2013
Date Written: February 1999
Although there is evidence that regional employment growth benefits current residents, an unexplored aspect of this relationship is the industry composition of the growth. Using 1981–1991 migration data for the 48 contiguous U.S. states, this paper examines whether the industry mix of employment growth matters for migration. We find that state employment growth that results from having a larger share of nationally fast‐growing industries leads to less net in‐migration compared to growth that results from each industry in the state growing faster than its national average. Therefore, state employment growth that is attributable to its mix of industries yields greater benefits for current state residents.
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