Internal and External Collective Memories of Conflicts: Israel and the 1948 Palestinian Exodus

International Journal of Conflict and Violence, 6 (1), 126-140, 2012

15 Pages Posted: 1 Feb 2013 Last revised: 20 Aug 2013

Date Written: January 31, 2013

Abstract

The general category of collective memory of conflicts includes several kinds of memories (e.g., official, autobiographical, and historical – of scholars) that the literature typically discusses as a unified phenomenon. This contribution demonstrates that each of these kinds of memory comprises two types of submemories: internal (how the holders of a sub-memory actually view the history of a conflict) and external (how they publicly express their views of that history). Empirically, the research is based on an examination of Israeli official, autobiographical, and historical memories from 1949 to 2004 concerning the causes of the 1948 Palestinian exodus. Methodologically, it uses content analysis of documents and interviews with key Israeli figures. Theoretically, the article proves the existence of these two sub-memories, discusses their different characteristics and implications, addresses their reciprocal relations, and explores selfcensorship and external censorship as the causes for the differences between them.

A full-text copy can be sent by request for scholarly purposes - email the author at: rafi.nets@gmail.com

Keywords: Official memory, collective memory, 1948 War, Palestinian refugee, Nakba

Suggested Citation

Nets-Zehngut, Rafi, Internal and External Collective Memories of Conflicts: Israel and the 1948 Palestinian Exodus (January 31, 2013). International Journal of Conflict and Violence, 6 (1), 126-140, 2012. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2209973

Rafi Nets-Zehngut (Contact Author)

Hebrew University of Jerusalem ( email )

Israel

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