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Gender Equality and Economic Growth in Brazil: A Long-Run Analysis

41 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2016  

Pierre-Richard Agenor

University of Manchester - School of Social Sciences

Otaviano Canuto

World Bank

Date Written: January 1, 2013

Abstract

This paper studies the long-run impact of policies aimed at fostering gender equality on economic growth in Brazil. The first part provides a brief review of gender issues in the country. The second part presents a gender-based, three-period OLG model that accounts for women's time allocation between market work, child rearing, human capital accumulation, and home production. Bargaining between spouses depends on relative human capital stocks, and thus indirectly on access to infrastructure. The model is calibrated and various experiments are conducted, including investment in infrastructure, conditional cash transfers, a reduction in gender bias in the market place, and a composite pro-growth, pro-gender reform program. The analysis showed that fostering gender equality, which may partly depend on the externalities that infrastructure creates in terms of women's time allocation and bargaining power, may have a substantial impact on long-run growth in Brazil.

Keywords: Health Monitoring & Evaluation, Population Policies, Economic Theory & Research, Gender and Law, Labor Policies

Suggested Citation

Agenor, Pierre-Richard and Canuto, Otaviano, Gender Equality and Economic Growth in Brazil: A Long-Run Analysis (January 1, 2013). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 6348. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2210298

Pierre-Richard Agenor (Contact Author)

University of Manchester - School of Social Sciences ( email )

Oxford Road
Manchester, M13 9PL
United Kingdom

Otaviano Canuto

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

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