Is the Persistent Gender Gap in Income and Wages Due to Unequal Family Responsibilities?

41 Pages Posted: 2 Feb 2013 Last revised: 16 Apr 2023

See all articles by Nikolay Angelov

Nikolay Angelov

Uppsala University

Per Johansson

IFAU - Institute for Labour Market Policy Evaluation; Uppsala University - Department of Economics; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Erica Lindahl

IFAU - Institute for Labour Market Policy Evaluation

Abstract

We compare the income and wage trajectories of women in relation to their male partners before and after parenthood. Focusing on the within-couple gap allows us to control for both observed and unobserved attributes of the spouse and to estimate both short- and long-term effects of entering parenthood. Our main finding is that 15 years after the first child was born, the male-female gender gaps in income and wages have increased with 35 and 10 percentage points, respectively. In line with a collective labor supply model, the magnitude of these effects depends on relative incomes or wages within the family.

Keywords: gender gap, quantile regression, income, wages

JEL Classification: J21, D13, C21

Suggested Citation

Angelov, Nikolay and Johansson, Per and Lindahl, Erica, Is the Persistent Gender Gap in Income and Wages Due to Unequal Family Responsibilities?. IZA Discussion Paper No. 7181, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2210841 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2210841

Nikolay Angelov

Uppsala University ( email )

Uppsala
Sweden

Per Johansson

IFAU - Institute for Labour Market Policy Evaluation ( email )

Box 513
751 20 Uppsala
Sweden
+ 46 18 471 70 86 (Phone)
+ 46 18 471 70 71 (Fax)

Uppsala University - Department of Economics ( email )

Uppsala, 751 20
Sweden

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Erica Lindahl

IFAU - Institute for Labour Market Policy Evaluation ( email )

Box 513
751 20 Uppsala
Sweden

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