Pennsylvania's Implementation of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act: An Assessment of How 'Cooperative Federalism' Can Make State Regulatory Programs More Effective
67 Pages Posted: 6 Feb 2013 Last revised: 23 Jul 2015
Date Written: 1985
The federal Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 was said to have been modeled on Pennsylvania’s surface coal mining program. Yet, paradoxically, the federal act substantially improved the effectiveness of Pennsylvania’s program. This article explains that the new program in Pennsylvania has been responsible for substantial reductions in the adverse effects of surface coal mining. It also assesses why the program has improved, emphasizing those features of the federal scheme that have contributed the most to the effectiveness of the new program.
Keywords: Pennsylvania, coal mining, coal, strip mining, surface coal mining, regulation, environmental law, Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977
JEL Classification: L71, K32, R52, K42, Q01
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation