La Violación Del Derecho Indígena: Empresas Mineras Canadienses En Guatemala (Breaching Indigenous Law: Canadian Mining in Guatemala)

45 Pages Posted: 6 Feb 2013 Last revised: 19 Mar 2013

See all articles by Shin Imai

Shin Imai

York University - Osgoode Hall Law School

Ladan Mehranvar

York University - Osgoode Hall Law School

Jennifer Sander

York University - Osgoode Hall Law School

Date Written: February 5, 2013

Abstract

The English version of this article is available at: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1267902

El presente es un estudio acerca de una pequeña comunidad indígena en Guatemala, que desafió a una poderosa compañía minera canadiense mediante un voto comunitario sobre la autorización o no de la actividad de minería en su territorio. El resultado de la votación – impedir dicha actividad – no ha sido acatado por la empresa canadiense. El diferendo se desarrolla sobre un trasfondo de intimidación y violencia. Este estudio analiza la actuación de los principales involucrados en el conflicto – la compañía minera, el gobierno guatemalteco, el Banco Mundial y el gobierno de Canadá – y concluye que todos ellos tienen un interés en la rentabilidad de la mina. Se observa una clara deficiencia en los controles contables como para asegurar que el pueblo indígena esté siendo tratado con justicia. Haciendo suyas las ideas que recoge el Informe sobre las Conferencias Nacionales en torno a la Responsabilidad Social Corporativa [RSC] y la Industria Extractiva Canadiense en los Países en Desarrollo, publicado en marzo de 2007, nuestro estudio sugiere que los tribunales canadienses parecen ser un foro capaz de juzgar las acciones de las partes en disputa.

This is a case study of a small Indigenous community in Guatemala that defied a powerful Canadian mining company by holding a community vote on whether to allow mining on its territory. The result of the vote – to stop mining activity on its territory – has not been honoured by the Canadian mining company. The dispute is being played out against a backdrop of intimidation and violence. The study reviews the major players in the dispute – the mining company, the Guatemalan government, the World Bank and the Canadian government – and concludes that they all have a stake in the profitability of the mine. There is a clear deficiency in the checks and balances needed to ensure that the Indigenous people are dealt with fairly. Drawing on ideas from the National Roundtables on Corporate Social Responsibility (“CSR”) and the Canadian Extractive Industry in Developing Countries (released in March 2007), the study suggests that at the present time, Canadian courts may be the only forum capable of holding the major actors accountable for their actions.

Note: Downloadable document is in Spanish.

Keywords: pueblos indígenas, consulta, Goldcorp, minería, Guatemala, derechos humanos

Suggested Citation

Imai, Shin and Mehranvar, Ladan and Sander, Jennifer, La Violación Del Derecho Indígena: Empresas Mineras Canadienses En Guatemala (Breaching Indigenous Law: Canadian Mining in Guatemala) (February 5, 2013). Osgoode CLPE Research Paper No. 12/2013. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2212440 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2212440

Shin Imai (Contact Author)

York University - Osgoode Hall Law School ( email )

4700 Keele Street
Toronto, Ontario M3J 1P3
Canada

Ladan Mehranvar

York University - Osgoode Hall Law School ( email )

Toronto, Ontario
Canada

Jennifer Sander

York University - Osgoode Hall Law School

4700 Keele Street
Toronto, Ontario M3J 1P3
Canada

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