Measuring the Progressive Realization of Economic and Social Human Rights in Brazil: A Disaggregated Economic and Social Rights Fulfillment Index

The Human Rights Institute, University of Connecticut Economic Rights Working Paper Series, Working Paper 10

32 Pages Posted: 7 Feb 2013

See all articles by Patrick Guyer

Patrick Guyer

Social Science Research Council

Sakiko Fukuda-Parr

The New School

Susan Randolph

University of Connecticut - Department of Economics

Louise Moreira Daniels

United Nations - Children's Fund (UNICEF); CUNY Brooklyn College

Date Written: August 1, 2009

Abstract

This paper summarizes findings and conclusions from our application of the Economic and Social Rights Fulfillment Index developed by Fukuda-Parr, LawsonRemer and Randolph (2009) to the states of Brazil. The key features of this methodology in assessing economic and human rights fulfillment is the focus on state obligations rather than only on human outcomes, and reference to both level of state resources and the historic achievements of comparator state parties as criteria in assessment. Our results show that none of the states of Brazil are completely meeting their obligations to fulfill economic and social rights although some are far more successful than others, and that fulfillment does not depend on income. States struggle most to meet their obligations to realize the right to decent work and adequate housing, but are somewhat better and meeting their obligations to fulfill the rights to education, the highest attainable standard of health and adequate food. Furthermore, a ranking of the states based on our findings differs significantly from rankings based on GDP per capita or the state-level Human Development Index values alone. This paper summarizes our methodology and findings and also proposes several avenues for further study.

Keywords: human rights, Economic and Social Rights, Brazil, measurement, indicators, progressive realization, inequality, poverty, human development

Suggested Citation

Guyer, Patrick and Fukuda-Parr, Sakiko and Randolph, Susan and Moreira Daniels, Louise, Measuring the Progressive Realization of Economic and Social Human Rights in Brazil: A Disaggregated Economic and Social Rights Fulfillment Index (August 1, 2009). The Human Rights Institute, University of Connecticut Economic Rights Working Paper Series, Working Paper 10. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2212857 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2212857

Patrick Guyer

Social Science Research Council ( email )

810 Seventh Ave
31st Floor
New York, NY New York 10019
United States

Sakiko Fukuda-Parr (Contact Author)

The New School ( email )

66 West 12th St
room 605
New York, NY 10011
United States

Susan Randolph

University of Connecticut - Department of Economics ( email )

365 Fairfield Way, U-1063
Storrs, CT 06269-1063
United States

Louise Moreira Daniels

United Nations - Children's Fund (UNICEF) ( email )

P. O. Box 4884
New York, NY
United States

CUNY Brooklyn College ( email )

2900 Bedford Avenue
Brooklyn, NY 11210
United States

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