The Impact of Improved Detection Technology on Drug Quality: A Case Study of Lagos, Nigeria

AEI Economic Policy Working Paper 2011-01

12 Pages Posted: 8 Feb 2013  

Roger Bate

American Enterprise Institute (AEI)

Aparna Mathur

American Enterprise Institute (AEI)

Date Written: February 14, 2011

Abstract

Nigeria is one of the few countries seriously affected by counterfeit drugs to have actively combated them. As part of this effort its regulatory agency, NAFDAC, has deployed handheld spectrometers to identify fake drugs in the market. In this Outlook, we analyze anti-malarial drug samples procured randomly from pharmacies in the largest city in Nigeria, the port of Lagos prior to and after the spectrometers were deployed. There is a statistically significant drop in the number of drugs failing quality control tests after the spectrometers were introduced, and a noticeable disparity in price between those passing and those failing tests as well. While it is not likely that the deployment of the spectrometers is the only reason for the improvement in drug quality, and the segmentation of the market, it is surely a major factor.

Keywords: counterfeit drugs, international regulation, NAFDAC

Suggested Citation

Bate, Roger and Mathur, Aparna, The Impact of Improved Detection Technology on Drug Quality: A Case Study of Lagos, Nigeria (February 14, 2011). AEI Economic Policy Working Paper 2011-01. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2212974 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2212974

Roger Bate

American Enterprise Institute (AEI) ( email )

1150 17th Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20036
United States

Aparna Mathur (Contact Author)

American Enterprise Institute (AEI) ( email )

1150 17th Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20036
United States
202-868-6026 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.aei.org/scholar/aparna-mathur/

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