Friedman Versus Hayek on Private Outside Monies: New Evidence for the Debate

9 Pages Posted: 7 Feb 2013

See all articles by William J. Luther

William J. Luther

Florida Atlantic University; American Institute for Economic Research

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: February 2013


Friedrich Hayek is often credited with the resurgence of interest in alternative monetary systems. His own proposal, however, received sharp criticism from Milton Friedman, Stanley Fischer, and others at the outset, and never gained much support among academic economists or the wider population. According to Friedman, Hayek erred in believing that the mere admission of competing private currencies will spontaneously generate a more stable monetary system. In Friedman's view, network effects and switching costs discourage alternative systems in general from emerging and prevent Hayek's system in particular from functioning as desired. I offer new evidence provided by events in Somalia since the 1990s as support for Friedman's initial doubts.

Keywords: competitive monies, Friedman, government and the monetary system, Hayek, monetary regimes, monetary standards, network effects

JEL Classification: B20, B22, B25, B30, B31, B53, E02, E42, G28

Suggested Citation

Luther, William J., Friedman Versus Hayek on Private Outside Monies: New Evidence for the Debate (February 2013). Economic Affairs, Vol. 33, Issue 1, pp. 127-135, 2013, Available at SSRN: or

William J. Luther (Contact Author)

Florida Atlantic University ( email )

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Boca Raton, FL 33431
United States


American Institute for Economic Research ( email )

PO Box 1000
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