Commonsense Metaphysics and Lexical Semantics

Computational Linguistics, Volume 13, Numbers 3-4, July-December 1987, pp. 241–250

25 Pages Posted: 26 Feb 2013

See all articles by Jerry Hobbs

Jerry Hobbs

University of Southern California

William Croft

University of New Mexico

Todd Davies

Stanford University - Symbolic Systems Program; Center for the Study of Language and Information

Douglas Edwards

Independent

Kenneth Laws

Independent

Date Written: August 20, 1986

Abstract

In the TACITUS project for using commonsense knowledge in the understanding of texts about mechanical devices and their failures, we have been developing various commonsense theories that are needed to mediate between the way we talk about the behavior of such devices and causal models of their operation. Of central importance in this effort is the axiomatization of what might be called "commonsense metaphysics." This includes a number of areas that figure in virtually every domain of discourse, such as granularity, scales, time, space, material, physical objects, shape, causality, functionality, and force. Our effort has been to construct core theories of each of these areas, and then to define, or at least characterize, a large number of lexical items in terms provided by the core theories. In this paper we discuss our methodological principles and describe the key ideas in the various domains we are investigating.

Keywords: commonsense knowledge, lexical semantics, metaphysics, folk theories, computational linguistics

Suggested Citation

Hobbs, Jerry and Croft, William and Davies, Todd R. and Edwards, Douglas and Laws, Kenneth, Commonsense Metaphysics and Lexical Semantics (August 20, 1986). Computational Linguistics, Volume 13, Numbers 3-4, July-December 1987, pp. 241–250, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2214217

Jerry Hobbs (Contact Author)

University of Southern California ( email )

United States

William Croft

University of New Mexico ( email )

107 Humanitites Building
Albuquerque, NM 87131-1221
United States

Todd R. Davies

Stanford University - Symbolic Systems Program ( email )

Stanford, CA 94305-2150
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.stanford.edu/~davies

Center for the Study of Language and Information ( email )

Stanford, CA 94305-4115
United States

Douglas Edwards

Independent

Kenneth Laws

Independent

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