Commonsense Metaphysics and Lexical Semantics
Computational Linguistics, Volume 13, Numbers 3-4, July-December 1987, pp. 241–250
25 Pages Posted: 26 Feb 2013
Date Written: August 20, 1986
In the TACITUS project for using commonsense knowledge in the understanding of texts about mechanical devices and their failures, we have been developing various commonsense theories that are needed to mediate between the way we talk about the behavior of such devices and causal models of their operation. Of central importance in this effort is the axiomatization of what might be called "commonsense metaphysics." This includes a number of areas that figure in virtually every domain of discourse, such as granularity, scales, time, space, material, physical objects, shape, causality, functionality, and force. Our effort has been to construct core theories of each of these areas, and then to define, or at least characterize, a large number of lexical items in terms provided by the core theories. In this paper we discuss our methodological principles and describe the key ideas in the various domains we are investigating.
Keywords: commonsense knowledge, lexical semantics, metaphysics, folk theories, computational linguistics
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation