Immigrant Enclaves and Crime

24 Pages Posted: 14 Feb 2013

See all articles by Stephen J. Machin

Stephen J. Machin

London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE) - Centre for Economic Performance (CEP); London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE) - Department of Economics

Brian Bell

London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE)

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Date Written: February 2013

Abstract

We study the link between neighborhood immigrant concentration and crime in England. Over previous decades there has been a significant increase in the number of immigrant enclaves, where immigrants account for a substantial fraction of the local population. Using both recorded crime and self‐reported crime victimization data, we find that crime is significantly lower in those neighborhoods with sizeable immigrant population shares. The effect is nonlinear and only becomes significant in enclaves. The crime reducing effect is substantially enhanced if the enclave is composed of immigrants from the same ethnic background. We discuss some possible mechanisms for the results we observe.

Suggested Citation

Machin, Stephen J. and Bell, Brian, Immigrant Enclaves and Crime (February 2013). Journal of Regional Science, Vol. 53, Issue 1, pp. 118-141, 2013, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2217292 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jors.12003

Stephen J. Machin

London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE) - Centre for Economic Performance (CEP) ( email )

Houghton Street
London WC2A 2AE
United Kingdom

London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE) - Department of Economics ( email )

Houghton Street
London WC2A 2AE
United Kingdom

Brian Bell

London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE) ( email )

Houghton Street
London, WC2A 2AE
United Kingdom

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