Choice of Country by the Foreign Born for Phd and Postdoctoral Study: a Sixteen-Country Perspective

41 Pages Posted: 16 Feb 2013 Last revised: 16 Oct 2014

See all articles by Paula E. Stephan

Paula E. Stephan

Georgia State University - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Chiara Franzoni

Politecnico di Milano - DIG

Giuseppe Scellato

Polytechnic University of Turin - Department of Production Systems and Business Economics (DISPEA)

Date Written: February 2013

Abstract

We analyze the decisions of foreign-born PhD and postdoctoral trainees to come to the United States vs. go to another country for training. Data are drawn from the GlobSci survey of scientists in sixteen countries working in four fields. We find that individuals come to the U.S. to train because of the prestige of its programs and/or career prospects. They are discouraged from training in the United States because of the perceived lifestyle. The availability of exchange programs elsewhere discourages coming for PhD study; the relative unattractiveness of fringe benefits discourages coming for postdoctoral study. Countries that have been nibbling at the U.S.-PhD and postdoc share are Australia, Germany, and Switzerland; France and Great Britain have gained appeal in attracting postdocs, but not in attracting PhD students. Canada has made gains in neither.

Suggested Citation

Stephan, Paula E. and Franzoni, Chiara and Scellato, Giuseppe, Choice of Country by the Foreign Born for Phd and Postdoctoral Study: a Sixteen-Country Perspective (February 2013). NBER Working Paper No. w18809. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2219067

Paula E. Stephan (Contact Author)

Georgia State University - Department of Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 3992
Atlanta, GA 30302-3992
United States

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) ( email )

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Chiara Franzoni

Politecnico di Milano - DIG ( email )

Piazza Leonardo da Vinci
Milan, Milano 20100
Italy

HOME PAGE: http://www.dig.polimi.it/index.php?id=348&tx_wfqbe_pi1[id]=438

Giuseppe Scellato

Polytechnic University of Turin - Department of Production Systems and Business Economics (DISPEA) ( email )

Corso Duca degli Abruzzi, 24
Torino, 10129
Italy
+39 0115647211 (Phone)
+39 0115647299 (Fax)

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