Do Parental Involvement Laws Deter Risky Teen Sex?

45 Pages Posted: 16 Feb 2013

See all articles by Silvie Colman

Silvie Colman

CUNY Graduate Center - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Thomas S. Dee

Stanford University - School of Education; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Theodore Joyce

CUNY Baruch College - Zicklin School of Business; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Date Written: February 2013

Abstract

Parental involvement (PI) laws require that physicians notify or obtain consent from a parent(s) of a minor seeking an abortion before performing the procedure. Several studies suggest that PI laws curb risky sexual behavior because teens realize that they would be compelled to discuss a subsequent pregnancy with a parent. We show that prior evidence based on gonorrhea rates overlooked the frequent under-reporting of gonorrhea by race and ethnicity, and present new evidence on the effects of PI laws using more current data on the prevalence of gonorrhea and data that are novel to this literature (i.e., chlamydia rates and data disaggregated by year of age). We improve the credibility of our estimates over those in the existing literature using an event-study design in addition to standard difference-in-difference-in-differences (DDD) models. Our findings consistently suggest no association between PI laws and rates of sexually transmitted infections or measures of sexual behavior.

Suggested Citation

Colman, Silvie and Dee, Thomas S. and Joyce, Theodore J., Do Parental Involvement Laws Deter Risky Teen Sex? (February 2013). NBER Working Paper No. w18810, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2219068

Silvie Colman (Contact Author)

CUNY Graduate Center - Department of Economics ( email )

365 Fifth Avenue, 5th Floor
New York, NY 10016
United States

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
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Thomas S. Dee

Stanford University - School of Education ( email )

Stanford, CA 94305-3096
United States

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Theodore J. Joyce

CUNY Baruch College - Zicklin School of Business ( email )

17 Lexington Avenue
New York, NY 10010
United States

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) ( email )

365 Fifth Avenue, 5th Floor
New York, NY 10016-4309
United States

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