Estimating Benefits from University-Level Diversity

27 Pages Posted: 16 Feb 2013

See all articles by Barbara Wolfe

Barbara Wolfe

University of Wisconsin-Madison; IZA Institute of Labor Economics; CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute); RSSS-economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Jason M. Fletcher

University of Wisconsin - Madison - Robert M. La Follette School of Public Affairs; Yale University - School of Public Health

Date Written: February 2013

Abstract

One of the continuing areas of controversy surrounding higher education is affirmative action. The Supreme Court has agreed to hear Fisher v. Texas, and their ruling may well influence universities' diversity initiatives, especially if they overturn Grutter v. Bollinger and rule that diversity is no longer a "compelling state interest." But what lies behind a compelling state's interest? One issue that continues to require more information is estimating and understanding the gains for those attending colleges and universities with greater diversity. Most existing studies are either based on evidence from one institution, which has issues of both selectivity and limited "treatments," or focus on selective institutions, which also face issues of selection bias from college choice behaviors. In this research we use Wave 3 of Add Health, collected in 2001-02 of those then attending college. Add Health collected the IPEDS number of each college and matched these to the racial/ethnic composition of the student body. We convert these data into an index of diversity and then ask whether attending a college/university with a more diverse student body influences a variety of outcomes at Wave 4 (2007-08), including years of schooling completed, earnings, family income, composition of friends, and probability of voting. Our results provide evidence of a positive link between attending a college with greater diversity and higher earnings and family income, but not with more schooling or the probability of voting.

Suggested Citation

Wolfe, Barbara L. and Fletcher, Jason M., Estimating Benefits from University-Level Diversity (February 2013). NBER Working Paper No. w18812. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2219070

Barbara L. Wolfe (Contact Author)

University of Wisconsin-Madison ( email )

Social Science Bldg
Madison, WI 53706
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6082626358 (Phone)

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

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Germany

CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)

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Germany

RSSS-economics ( email )

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Australia

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

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Jason M. Fletcher

University of Wisconsin - Madison - Robert M. La Follette School of Public Affairs ( email )

1180 Observatory Drive
Madison, WI 53706-1393
United States

Yale University - School of Public Health ( email )

PO Box 208034
60 College Street
New Haven, CT 06520-8034
United States

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