Download this Paper Open PDF in Browser

The Reference to the CJEU in Case C-466/12 Svensson

19 Pages Posted: 18 Feb 2013 Last revised: 25 Feb 2013

Lionel A. F. Bently

University of Cambridge - Faculty of Law

Estelle Derclaye

University of Nottingham, School of law

Graeme B. Dinwoodie

University of Oxford - Faculty of Law

Thomas Dreier

Karlsruhe Institute of Technology

Severine Dusollier

University of Namur; SciencesPo

Christophe Geiger

Université de Strasbourg - CEIPI

Jonathan Griffiths

Queen Mary University of London, School of Law

Reto Hilty

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition; University of Zurich; Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich

P. Bernt Hugenholtz

University of Amsterdam, Institute for Information Law (IViR)

Marie-Christine Janssens

Leuven University (KU Leuven); KU Leuven - Centre for IT & IP Law (CiTiP)

Martin Kretschmer

University of Glasgow

Axel Metzger

Leibniz Universität Hannover

Alexander Peukert

Goethe University Frankfurt - Faculty of Law; Cluster of Excellence Normative Orders

Marco Ricolfi

University of Turin - Faculty of Law

Martin Senftleben

VU University Amsterdam - Faculty of Law

Alain M. Strowel

Saint Louis University; University of Liege

Raquel Xalabarder

Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (UOC)

Date Written: February 15, 2013

Abstract

In this Opinion, the European Copyright Society (ECS) puts on record its views on the questions before the Court of Justice of the European Union in Case C-466/12, Svensson, which relate to the hugely important question of liability of those who create hyperlinks to material on the Web without the permission of the copyright holder in that material. The opinion argues that hyperlinking in general should be regarded as an activity that is not covered by the right to communicate the work to the public embodied in Article 3 of Directive 2001/29. The Opinion offers three reasons for this conclusion: firstly, that hyperlinks are not 'communications' because establishing a hyperlink does not amount to 'transmission' of a work, and such transmission is a pre-requisite for 'communication'; secondly because the rights of the copyright owner apply only to communication to the public 'of the work', and whatever a hyperlink provides, it is not 'of a work'; and thirdly because, even were a hyperlink to be regarded as a communication of a work, it is not to a 'new public.' This does not mean that creating hyperlinks in no circumstances involves liability. In fact, as is clear from national case-law, different forms of hyperlinking may indeed give rise to the following forms of liability, such as accessory liability (particularly in respect of knowingly facilitating the making of illegal copies); for unfair competition; and for infringement of moral rights; and possibly for circumvention of technological measures. Only the last of these has been the subject of harmonization at a European level, and thus falls within the competence of the Court of Justice.

Keywords: copyright, hyperlinks, Article 3, copyright directive

JEL Classification: K3, K39

Suggested Citation

Bently, Lionel A. F. and Derclaye, Estelle and Dinwoodie, Graeme B. and Dreier, Thomas and Dusollier, Severine and Geiger, Christophe and Griffiths, Jonathan and Hilty, Reto and Hugenholtz, P. Bernt and Janssens, Marie-Christine and Kretschmer, Martin and Metzger, Axel and Peukert, Alexander and Ricolfi, Marco and Senftleben, Martin and Strowel, Alain M. and Xalabarder, Raquel, The Reference to the CJEU in Case C-466/12 Svensson (February 15, 2013). University of Cambridge Faculty of Law Research Paper No. 6/2013. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2220326 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2220326

Lionel A. F. Bently (Contact Author)

University of Cambridge - Faculty of Law ( email )

10 West Road
Cambridge, CB3 9DZ
United Kingdom

Estelle Derclaye

University of Nottingham, School of law ( email )

Nottingham NG7 2RD
United Kingdom

HOME PAGE: http://www.nottingham.ac.uk/law2/staff/estelle.derclaye

Graeme B. Dinwoodie

University of Oxford - Faculty of Law ( email )

St. Cross Building
St. Cross Road
Oxford, OX1 3UJ
United Kingdom

Thomas Dreier

Karlsruhe Institute of Technology ( email )

Kaiserstraße 12
Karlsruhe, Baden Württemberg 76131
Germany

Severine Dusollier

University of Namur ( email )

8 rempart de la vierge
Namur, 5000
Belgium
+3281724760 (Phone)
+3281725202 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.fundp.ac.be/universite/personnes/page_view/01003580/

SciencesPo ( email )

Rue de l'Université 13
Paris
France

Christophe Geiger

Université de Strasbourg - CEIPI ( email )

11 fue de Marechal Juin
BP68
Strasbourg
France

HOME PAGE: www.ceipi.edu

Jonathan Griffiths

Queen Mary University of London, School of Law ( email )

67-69 Lincoln’s Inn Fields
London, WC2A 3JB
United Kingdom

Reto Hilty

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition ( email )

Marstallplatz 1
Munich, 80539
Germany

HOME PAGE: http://www.ip.mpg.de

University of Zurich

Rämistrasse 74/7
Zürich, CH-8001
Switzerland

Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich

Munich, 80539
Germany

P. Bernt Hugenholtz

University of Amsterdam, Institute for Information Law (IViR) ( email )

P.O. Box 1030
Amsterdam, 1000 BA
Netherlands

Marie-Christine Janssens

Leuven University (KU Leuven) ( email )

Tiensestraat 41
Minderbroedersstraat 5
Leuven, B-3000
Belgium

KU Leuven - Centre for IT & IP Law (CiTiP) ( email )

Sint-Michielsstraat 6 box 3443
Leuven, 3000
Belgium

Martin Kretschmer

University of Glasgow ( email )

10 The Square
Glasgow, G12 8QQ
United Kingdom

Axel Metzger

Leibniz Universität Hannover ( email )

Institut fur Rechnungslegung und WP
Koenigsworther Platz 1
Hannover, 30167
Germany

Alexander Peukert

Goethe University Frankfurt - Faculty of Law ( email )

Frankfurt
Germany

Cluster of Excellence Normative Orders

Frankfurt
Germany

Marco Ricolfi

University of Turin - Faculty of Law ( email )

Italy

Martin Senftleben

VU University Amsterdam - Faculty of Law ( email )

De Boelelaan 1105
1081 HV Amsterdam
Netherlands

HOME PAGE: http://www.rechten.vu.nl/senftleben

Alain M. Strowel

Saint Louis University ( email )

220 North Grand Boulevard
St. Louis, MO 63103
United States

University of Liege

B-4000 Liege
Belgium

Raquel Xalabarder

Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (UOC) ( email )

Tibidabo Av. 39-43
08035 Barcelona, Barcelona 08035
Spain

Paper statistics

Downloads
1,738
Rank
7,226
Abstract Views
8,992