Frustrated Freedom: The Effects of Agency and Wealth on Wellbeing in Rural Mozambique
47 Pages Posted: 20 Feb 2013 Last revised: 22 Mar 2013
Date Written: February 5, 2013
In the capability approach to poverty, wellbeing is threatened by both deficits of wealth and deficits of agency. Sen describes that “unfreedom,” or low levels of agency, will suppress the wellbeing effects of higher levels of wealth. We introduce another condition, “frustrated freedom,” in which higher levels of agency belief can heighten the poverty effects of low levels of wealth. Presenting data from a study of female heads of household in rural Mozambique, we find that agency belief moderates the relationship between wealth and wellbeing, uncovering evidence of frustrated freedom.
Keywords: poverty, capabilities, agency, wellbeing, Mozambique, Africa
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