Predictors of the Decision to Retire among Nurses in Spain

22 Pages Posted: 19 Feb 2013

Date Written: February 19, 2013

Abstract

Background: Nurses typically retire in their late 50s and since nursing shortages exist in most countries understanding nursing staff decisions to retire might open up possibilities of encouraging and supporting them to remain in the workforce longer.

Objective: This study examines potential predictors of retirement intentions amongst nurses working in Spain.

Population: All registered nurses in Spain with 50 years old or more. Methods: Survey. Data were collected with the collaboration of the regional nursing associations in Spain using anonymous online questionnaires employed to nursing staff (n=497) for those who are 50 years or older.

Results: Nurses indicated their interest in retiring, their planning for retirement, and their expectations for retiring. Results show that retirement intentions were higher in nursing staff that were older, experienced higher levels of burnout, indicated poorer levels of self-reported health, and reported greater job demands and more negative work attitudes (less affective commitment, job involvement, work engagement). The majority of these were "push" factors which are related to dissatisfaction in the workplace. Conclusion: Organizations can and should create age-friendly workplaces enabling them to cope with the nursing shortage and workplaces can be changed to better accommodate the needs and expectations of older employees.

Keywords: nursing stress, nursing retirement, nurses job conditions, nurses job retention

JEL Classification: J26, J28

Suggested Citation

Burke, Ronald John and Dolan, Simon L. and Fiksenbaum, Lisa, Predictors of the Decision to Retire among Nurses in Spain (February 19, 2013). ESADE Business School Research Paper No. 242. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2220861 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2220861

Ronald John Burke

York University ( email )

4700 Keele Street
Toronto, Ontario M3J 1P3
Canada

Simon L. Dolan (Contact Author)

ESADE Business School ( email )

Av. de Pedralbes 60-62
Barcelona, 08034
Spain
934952052 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.simondolan.com

Lisa Fiksenbaum

York University ( email )

4700 Keele Street
Toronto, Ontario M3J 1P3
Canada

Register to save articles to
your library

Register

Paper statistics

Downloads
43
Abstract Views
480
PlumX Metrics