Crizele de mortalitate şi vulnerabilitatea comunităţilor bihorene şi sătmărene în faţa morţii (a doua jumătate a secolului XIX-începutul secolului XX) (The Death Rate Crisis and the Vulnerability of Bihor and Satu Mare Communities When Confronted with Death (Second Half of the 19th Century-Beginning of the 20th Century)
University of Oradea
Caiete de Antropologie Istorică, Lume rurală şi modernitate, Cluj-Napoca, anul VIII, nr. 1(14), 2009, pp. 103-128
Our study, as we intend it, upon the vulnerability when confronted with death and death rate is structured as a research which is closed to classical historical demography but without neglecting the particularities and individualities of this phenomenon. We are interested both in the general tendencies and in the specific ones. This being our intention, we will try to catch both the phenomenon of regional mortality and the event of death in the many families we have studied during this research work. The profound economic crisis of this period in the Austrian-Hungarian monarchy together with the epidemics (we have in view especially the 1872-1873 cholera and its prolongation) exercise a strong demographic pressure that brings to our attention mainly the vulnerability of these communities. Towards the end of the analyzed period we can notice a certain decrease in the rate of mortality in the two counties, values that are close to the average ones in the counties of Transylvania. These tendencies may be caused by the remarkable progress in the field of medical assistance, progress that indicates more and more rare strong zones of high mortality. The diminishing of the death rate in the two counties was due to a clear progress recorded by the urban communities of Oradea and Satu Mare.
Note: Downloadable document is in Romanian.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 20
Keywords: death rate crisis; vulnerability; Bihor; Satu Mare; community; mortality
JEL Classification: J11 - Demographic Trends and Forecasts
Date posted: February 24, 2013