Void Where Prohibited: Rest Breaks and the Right to Urinate on Company Time

Void Where Prohibited: Rest Breaks and the Right to Urinate on Company Time, Cornell University Press, 1998

265 Pages Posted: 28 Feb 2013  

Marc Linder

University of Iowa - College of Law

Ingrid Nygaard

University of Utah - School of Medicine

Date Written: 1998

Abstract

Fashionable theories of post-industrialism and post-Fordism have blinded many to the uncomfortable reality of working conditions in the United States that are more evocative of the accounts drawn by Engels and Dickens than of the imagined anodyne workplace of the 21st century This book focuses on the persistence of one such aspect of industrial life - the lack of a universal entitlement to withdraw from the inexorable flow of production in order to rest and void during the workday. Although federal and state law requires employers to provide toilets, incredibly, government agencies do not require employers to permit workers to use them. In placing this regulatory breakdown in the broader context of the history of capital-labor struggles over rest periods, the book focuses on the physiological consequences for workers who are prohibited from interrupting work to rest or urinate.

Keywords: rest breaks, fatigue, ergonomics, scientific management, Title VII, sex discrimination, urination, meal periods, Occupational Safety and Health Administration, toilets

Suggested Citation

Linder, Marc and Nygaard, Ingrid, Void Where Prohibited: Rest Breaks and the Right to Urinate on Company Time (1998). Void Where Prohibited: Rest Breaks and the Right to Urinate on Company Time, Cornell University Press, 1998. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2224285

Marc Linder (Contact Author)

University of Iowa - College of Law ( email )

Melrose and Byington
Iowa City, IA 52242
United States

Ingrid Nygaard

University of Utah - School of Medicine ( email )

Salt Lake City, UT
United States

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