EU Enlargement and Satisfaction with Democracy: A Peculiar Case of Immizerising Growth

36 Pages Posted: 2 May 2013

See all articles by Barbara Dluhosch

Barbara Dluhosch

University of the German Federal Armed Forces - Helmut Schmidt Universit├Ąt

Daniel Horgos

University of the German Federal Armed Forces - Department of Economics

Klaus W. Zimmermann

University of the German Armed Forces Hamburg

Date Written: 2012

Abstract

Studies on EU enlargement mostly focus on its welfare-economic and much less so on its public-choice dimension. Yet, the latter may be as important as the former when it comes to sustain integration. This paper aims at filling the gap by exploring theoretically and empirically how enlargement of multi-level systems like the EU affects satisfaction with democracy (SWD) and voter turnout (PART). In order to assess the effects of a widening in membership, we present a novel approach that draws on the probability of being outvoted. We find that, given the institutional arrangement, enlargement tends to depress SWD at the national level. Our theoretical results are backed by empirical evidence in German Eurobarometer data displaying a tendency towards a decline in SWD that shows up in a significant fall in PART with growth in EU-membership.

Keywords: European Union, Enlargement, Multi-level Systems, Democracy, Regime Satisfaction

JEL Classification: D72, F55, H77

Suggested Citation

Dluhosch, Barbara and Horgos, Daniel and Zimmermann, Klaus W., EU Enlargement and Satisfaction with Democracy: A Peculiar Case of Immizerising Growth (2012). EPSA 2013 Annual General Conference Paper 3, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2224296

Barbara Dluhosch (Contact Author)

University of the German Federal Armed Forces - Helmut Schmidt Universit├Ąt ( email )

Holstenhofweg 85
Hamburg, 22043
Germany

Daniel Horgos

University of the German Federal Armed Forces - Department of Economics ( email )

Holstenhofweg 85
Hamburg, 22043
Germany

Klaus W. Zimmermann

University of the German Armed Forces Hamburg ( email )

Holstenhofweg 85
D-22041 Hamburg
Germany

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