EU Enlargement and Satisfaction with Democracy: A Peculiar Case of Immizerising Growth
36 Pages Posted: 2 May 2013
Date Written: 2012
Studies on EU enlargement mostly focus on its welfare-economic and much less so on its public-choice dimension. Yet, the latter may be as important as the former when it comes to sustain integration. This paper aims at filling the gap by exploring theoretically and empirically how enlargement of multi-level systems like the EU affects satisfaction with democracy (SWD) and voter turnout (PART). In order to assess the effects of a widening in membership, we present a novel approach that draws on the probability of being outvoted. We find that, given the institutional arrangement, enlargement tends to depress SWD at the national level. Our theoretical results are backed by empirical evidence in German Eurobarometer data displaying a tendency towards a decline in SWD that shows up in a significant fall in PART with growth in EU-membership.
Keywords: European Union, Enlargement, Multi-level Systems, Democracy, Regime Satisfaction
JEL Classification: D72, F55, H77
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation