Financial Development and the Choice of Trade Partners
39 Pages Posted: 28 Feb 2013 Last revised: 14 Apr 2015
Date Written: March 31, 2015
What determines the choice of countries' trade partners? We show theoretically and empirically that financial market imperfections affect the number and identity of exporters' destinations. Bigger economies with lower trade costs are more attractive markets because they offer higher export profits. This generates a pecking order of destinations such that firms serve all countries above a cut-off level of market potential. Credit constraints, however, raise this cut-off above the first best. Financially advanced nations thus have more trade partners and go further down the pecking order, especially in sectors that rely heavily on the financial system. Our results provide new, systematic evidence that countries follow a hierarchy of export destinations, that market size and trade costs determine this hierarchy, and that financial frictions interact importantly with it. This has policy implications for the effects of cross-border linkages that depend on the number and identity of countries' trade partners.
Keywords: financial development, international trade, trade partners, pecking order
JEL Classification: F10, F14, F36, G20
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation