The Relationships between Oil and Autocracy: Beyond the First Law of Petropolitics
6 Pages Posted: 28 Feb 2013
Date Written: February 28, 2013
Thomas Friedman’s so-called First Law of Petropolitics (FLP) hypothesizes the existence of a causal relationship between oil prices and “the pace of freedom”. Such a principle has attracted considerable attention, as well as criticism. This paper argues that, in order to firmly establish the existence of relationships between oil prices and autocracy, it is crucial to go beyond axiomatic, as well as ideological, formulations. Instead, the focus should be to locate such a phenomenon within the more articulated and scientifically sound framework provided by Rentier State Theory (RST).
Keywords: Oil, Energy, Political Economy, MENA, Globalization, Arab Spring
JEL Classification: F6, N5, O1, P1, Q3, Q4
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation