Gender Differences in Entrepreneurial Propensity

22 Pages Posted: 5 Mar 2013

See all articles by Philipp Koellinger

Philipp Koellinger

Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam

Maria Minniti

Syracuse University - Whitman School of Management

Christian Schade

Humboldt-Universitaet zu Berlin

Date Written: April 2013

Abstract

Using data from representative population surveys in 17 countries, we find that the lower rate of female business ownership is primarily due to women's lower propensity to start businesses rather than to differences in survival rates across genders. We show that women are less confident in their entrepreneurial skills, have different social networks and exhibit higher fear of failure than men. After controlling for endogeneity, we find that these variables explain a substantial part of the gender gap in entrepreneurial activity. Although, of course, their relative importance varies significantly across countries, these factors appear to have a universal effect.

JEL Classification: L26, J24, J16

Suggested Citation

Koellinger, Philipp and Minniti, Maria and Schade, Christian, Gender Differences in Entrepreneurial Propensity (April 2013). Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Vol. 75, Issue 2, pp. 213-234, 2013. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2228541 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-0084.2011.00689.x

Philipp Koellinger (Contact Author)

Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam ( email )

De Boelelaan 1105
Amsterdam, ND North Holland 1081 HV
Netherlands

HOME PAGE: http://www.philipp-koellinger.com

Maria Minniti

Syracuse University - Whitman School of Management ( email )

721 University Avenue
Syracuse, NY 13244-2130
United States

Christian Schade

Humboldt-Universitaet zu Berlin ( email )

School of Business and Economics
Unter den Linden 6
Berlin, Berlin 10099
Germany

HOME PAGE: http://enim.wiwi.hu-berlin.de/index-en.html

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