The Rise in Female Participation in Colombia: Fertility, Marital Status or Education?

24 Pages Posted: 8 Mar 2013

See all articles by Diego Amador

Diego Amador

Texas Policy Lab - Rice University

Raquel Bernal

Universidad de los Andes, Colombia - Department of Economics

Ximena Peña

Universidad de los Andes, Colombia - Department of Economics

Date Written: February 11, 2013

Abstract

Colombia has experienced a secular increase in the labor participation of urban women, going from nearly 47% in 1984 to 65% in 2006. We decompose the evolution of participation into changes in the composition of the population and changes in the participation rates by groups (defined according to the variables that appear most relevant: educational attainment, fertility and marital status). The increase in participation is driven by the increase in the participation rate of married or cohabiting women and women with low educational attainment. Fertility status appears to be less important. Changes in the population composition by educational attainment are also relevant in explaining the increase in participation. However, changes in composition by marital status or fertility are second order effects.

Keywords: Gender, Labor Force Participation, Colombia

JEL Classification: J16, J21

Suggested Citation

Amador, Diego and Bernal, Raquel and Pena, Ximena, The Rise in Female Participation in Colombia: Fertility, Marital Status or Education? (February 11, 2013). Documento CEDE No. 2013-11, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2229459 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2229459

Diego Amador (Contact Author)

Texas Policy Lab - Rice University ( email )

Rice University – MS 272
5620 Greenbriar Dr.
Houston, TX 77005
United States

Raquel Bernal

Universidad de los Andes, Colombia - Department of Economics ( email )

Carrera 1a No. 18A-10
Santafe de Bogota, AA4976
Colombia

Ximena Pena

Universidad de los Andes, Colombia - Department of Economics ( email )

Carrera 1a No. 18A-10
Santafe de Bogota, AA4976
Colombia

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