Taxation, Bank Leverage, and Financial Crises
27 Pages Posted: 7 Mar 2013
Date Written: February 2013
That most corporate tax systems favor debt over equity finance is now widely recognized as, potentially, amplifying risks to financial stability. This paper makes a first attempt to explore, empirically, the link between this tax bias and the probability of financial crisis. It finds that greater tax bias is associated with significantly higher aggregate bank leverage, and that this in turn is associated with a significantly greater chance of crisis. The implication is that tax bias makes crises much more likely, and, conversely, that the welfare gains from policies to alleviate it can be substantial far greater than previous studies, which have ignored financial stability considerations, suggest.
Keywords: Bank taxation, Banks, Corporate sector, Corporate taxes, Financial crisis, Tax systems, Taxation, corporate tax, debt bias, leverage
JEL Classification: G21, G32, H25
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation