Health Insurance and the Supply of Entrepreneurs: New Evidence from the Affordable Care Act's Dependent Coverage Mandate
46 Pages Posted: 9 Mar 2013 Last revised: 24 Mar 2017
Date Written: March 22, 2017
Is the difficulty of purchasing health insurance as an individual or small business a major barrier to entrepreneurship in the United States? I answer this question by taking advantage of the natural experiment provided by the Affordable Care Act’s dependent coverage mandate, which allowed many 19-25 year-olds to acquire health insurance independently of their employment. Using a difference-in-difference strategy, I find that the dependent coverage mandate did not increase self-employment among young adults overall, but increased self-employment among disabled young adults by 19-23%.
Keywords: Health Insurance, Self-Employment, Entrepreneurship Lock, Affordable Care Act, Dependent Coverage Mandate
JEL Classification: L26, J20, I13, I18, M13
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation