School Starting Age and Crime

47 Pages Posted: 9 Mar 2013

See all articles by Rasmus Landersø

Rasmus Landersø

Rockwool Foundation Research Unit

Helena Skyt Nielsen

Aarhus University - Department of Economics and Business; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Marianne Simonsen

Aarhus University - Department of Economics and Business

Abstract

This paper investigates the effects of school starting age on crime while relying on variation in school starting age induced by administrative rules; we exploit that Danish children typically start first grade in the calendar year they turn seven, which gives rise to a discontinuity in children's school starting age. Analyses are carried out using register-based Danish data. We find that higher age at school start lowers the propensity to commit crime, but that this reduction is caused by incapacitation while human capital accumulation is unaffected. Importantly, we also find that the individuals who benefit most from being old-for-grade are those with high latent abilities whereas those with low latent ability seem to be unaffected by being old-for-grade in school.

Keywords: old-for-grade, school start, criminal charges, violence, property crime

JEL Classification: I21, K42

Suggested Citation

Landersø, Rasmus and Nielsen, Helena Skyt and Simonsen, Marianne, School Starting Age and Crime. IZA Discussion Paper No. 7228, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2230790

Rasmus Landersø (Contact Author)

Rockwool Foundation Research Unit ( email )

Sejroegade 11
DK-2100 Copenhagen
Denmark

Helena Skyt Nielsen

Aarhus University - Department of Economics and Business ( email )

Fuglesangs Alle 4
Aarhus, 8210
Denmark

HOME PAGE: http://person.au.dk/hnielsen@econ.au.dk

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Marianne Simonsen

Aarhus University - Department of Economics and Business ( email )

Building 326
DK-8000 Aarhus C
Denmark
+45 8942 1599 (Phone)

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