For Better or for Worse: The Long-Term Effects of Postwar Reconstruction on Family Formation

32 Pages Posted: 9 Mar 2013

See all articles by Mevlude Akbulut-Yuksel

Mevlude Akbulut-Yuksel

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Melanie Khamis

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Mutlu Yuksel

Dalhousie University; IZA

Abstract

This paper provides causal evidence on the long-term legacies of postwar reconstruction and mandatory employment on women's family formation outcomes such as marriage, age at first marriage and divorce. We exploit city-by-cohort variation in the intensity of World War II reconstruction in Germany which determined the mobilization of women in the postwar era. We find that participation in the postwar reconstruction efforts increased the female's probability of being currently and ever married and marrying at younger ages. We also find that postwar mandatory employment had no differential effect on the divorce rates among the affected cohorts of women. These results are robust to the potential changes in the population composition, household income and demand for female labor and state-specific policies in postwar Germany.

Keywords: postwar reconstruction, mandatory employment, marriage research

JEL Classification: J12, J16, J21, J48

Suggested Citation

Akbulut-Yuksel, Mevlude and Khamis, Melanie and Yuksel, Mutlu, For Better or for Worse: The Long-Term Effects of Postwar Reconstruction on Family Formation. IZA Discussion Paper No. 7239, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2230801

Mevlude Akbulut-Yuksel (Contact Author)

IZA Institute of Labor Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Melanie Khamis

IZA Institute of Labor Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Mutlu Yuksel

Dalhousie University ( email )

Halifax, Nova Scotia B3H 3J5
Canada

HOME PAGE: http://myweb.dal.ca/mt899590/

IZA ( email )

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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