Expanding Social Protection in Developing Countries: A Gender Perspective

Levy Economics Institute at Bard College Working Paper No. 757

40 Pages Posted: 12 Mar 2013

See all articles by Rania Antonopoulos

Rania Antonopoulos

Bard College - The Levy Economics Institute

Date Written: March 11, 2013

Abstract

This paper discusses social protection initiatives in the context of developing countries and explores the opportunities they present for promoting a gender-equality agenda and women’s empowerment. The paper begins with a brief introduction on the emergence of social protection (SP) and how it is linked to economic and social policy. Next, it reviews the context, concepts, and definitions relevant to SP policies and identifies gender-specific social and economic risks and corresponding SP instruments, drawing on country-level experiences. The thrust of the paper is to explore how SP instruments can help or hinder the process of altering rigid gendered roles, and offers a critical evaluation of SP interventions from the standpoint of women’s inclusion in economic life. Conditional cash transfers and employment guarantee programs are discussed in detail. An extensive annotated bibliography accompanies this paper as a resource for researchers and practitioners.

Keywords: Social Protection, Social Assistance, Gender, Women, Public Works Programs, Conditional Cash Transfers, Development, Employment Guarantee Programs, Social Protection Floor Initiative, Developing Countries

JEL Classification: J13, J16, J18, O1, O11, O15, O19

Suggested Citation

Antonopoulos, Rania, Expanding Social Protection in Developing Countries: A Gender Perspective (March 11, 2013). Levy Economics Institute at Bard College Working Paper No. 757. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2231716 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2231716

Rania Antonopoulos (Contact Author)

Bard College - The Levy Economics Institute ( email )

Blithewood
Annandale-on-Hudson, NY 12504-5000
United States
1-845-758-7717 (Phone)
1-845-758-1149 (Fax)

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