Theories of Motivation from Western and Islamic Perspectives: A Theoretical Framework

23 Pages Posted: 28 May 2013

Date Written: December 18, 2012

Abstract

Motivation is widely discussed widely in areas such as psychology, education and development. Motivation plays a crucial role in human lives as it leads human to any action. The purpose of this paper is to compare the motivation theories according to Western perspective with Islamic perspectives. Western psychologists relate motivation to many aspects of life such as biological, environmental, cognition, and developmental. Islamic perspective on the other hand put more emphasis on the spiritual and religion aspect where Muslims are motivated to do good deeds or to perform any activity only to seek the pleasure of Allah. The paper ends with the elaboration on how soul function as the moderator to motivate human to do their actions.

Keywords: theories of motivation, Western perspectives, Islamic perspectives

JEL Classification: I20

Suggested Citation

Kamarulzaman, Wirawani, Theories of Motivation from Western and Islamic Perspectives: A Theoretical Framework (December 18, 2012). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2232841 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2232841

Wirawani Kamarulzaman (Contact Author)

Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman ( email )

Sungai Long Campus Lot PT 21144
Bandar Sg. Long, Cheras, Selangor D.E.,
Bandar Sungai Long, 43000
Malaysia

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