Religious Constitutionalism in Egypt: A Case Study
Fletcher Forum of World Affairs, Vol. 37, p. 35, 2013
17 Pages Posted: 16 Mar 2013
Date Written: March 15, 2013
Egypt is in the early phases of democratization. Following the Egyptian Revolution in 2011, which ended thirty years of repression under the regime of former President Hosni Mubarak, Egyptians face the challenge of building a new Egypt. Among the most serious of these challenges is the rise of Islamists. A bitter battle is now raging between Islamists and Liberals regarding whether Egypt should be a religious country or a secular one. Article 2 of the Constitutional Declaration of 2011, which lists the principles of Islamic Sharia as the main source of legislation, plays a key role in this battle. The fact that Egypt has the largest Christian minority in the Arab world adds another dramatic dimension. With this in mind, this essay traces the historical roots of Article 2 and provides a critical analysis of its significance for Egyptian society.
Keywords: Egypt, Religious Constitutionalism, Islam, The 2011 Revolution
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