Download this Paper Open PDF in Browser

Casual Ostracism: Jury Exclusion on the Basis of Criminal Convictions

57 Pages Posted: 16 Mar 2013 Last revised: 6 Oct 2016

Anna Roberts

Seattle University School of Law

Date Written: June 24, 2013

Abstract

Statutes in forty-eight states permit the exclusion of those with felony convictions from criminal juries; thirteen states permit the exclusion of those with misdemeanor convictions. The reasons given for these exclusions, which include the assumption that those with convictions are embittered against the state, do not justify their costs. Procedural justice theories indicate that embitterment of those with criminal convictions need not – and should not – be assumed. Rather, policymakers should do what they can to avoid such embitterment. This Article therefore proposes that automatic statutory exclusions on the basis of criminal convictions should be abandoned. If a juror exhibits individual bias, he or she can be excused for cause. If the state presumes embitterment in the absence of any showing of individual bias, it can exercise peremptory challenges. These are finite in number, and thus exact a litigation cost that may incentivize reform. A rich body of recent scholarship proposes adjustments to prosecutorial incentives in other areas of the criminal justice system; this Article adds a focus on jury exclusion to that literature, and to other recent policy critiques.

Keywords: jury, juries, juror, race, conviction, procedural justice, collateral consequence, cause challenge, peremptory challenge

JEL Classification: K14, K41

Suggested Citation

Roberts, Anna, Casual Ostracism: Jury Exclusion on the Basis of Criminal Convictions (June 24, 2013). 98 Minn. L. Rev. 592 (2013); Seattle University School of Law Research Paper No. 13-25. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2234257

Anna Roberts (Contact Author)

Seattle University School of Law ( email )

901 12th Avenue, Sullivan Hall
P.O. Box 222000
Seattle, WA n/a 98122-1090
United States

Paper statistics

Downloads
101
Rank
228,180
Abstract Views
938