Modeling Risk Weighted Assets and the Risk Sensitivity of Related Capital Requirements
22 Pages Posted: 18 Mar 2013
Date Written: December 10, 2012
The use of internal Bank models for meeting capital requirements has been approved for some time. Regulators then face issues of model approval necessitating some public domain analysis of model performance. This paper presents a new approach to risk model evaluation using forward looking risk neutral probabilities. In addition to VaR and CVaR we analyse a new measure termed here RWAVaR that was proposed in Carr, Madan and Vicente Alvarez (2011). The new measure is a formalization of the popular concept of risk weighted assets used in the Basel approach to capital requirements. The formalization allows for a possible leveraging of information contained in bid and ask prices and the study reports on the potential of this approach. Capital measures using RWAVaR are observed to be sensitive to volatility, the volatility of volatility, the skewness of return distributions and the volatility spread across maturities. Movements in bid ask spreads also strongly influence capital requirements. Additionally there is a potential for some procyclicality to be built into the requirements, particularly when one adapts requirements to movements in liquidity spreads.
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