How are Farmers Adapting to Climate Change in Vietnam? Endogeneity and Sample Selection in a Rice Yield Model

52 Pages Posted: 20 Mar 2013

See all articles by Bingxin Yu

Bingxin Yu

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

Tingju Zhu

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

Clemens Breisinger

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

Ha Manh Nguyen

Central Institute of Economic Management

Date Written: March 1, 2013

Abstract

Vietnam is likely to be among the countries hardest hit by climate change, threatening its legacy as a champion in leveraging agriculture for development. This paper examines how a changing climate may affect rice production and how Vietnamese farmers are likely to adapt to various climatic conditions using an innovative yield function approach, taking into account sample selection bias and endogeneity of inputs. Model results suggest that although climate change can potentially reduce rice production, farmers will respond mainly by adjusting the production portfolio and levels of input use. However, investments in rural infrastructure and human capital will have to support farmers in the adaptation process if production levels and farm incomes are to be sustained in the future.

Keywords: Viet Nam, Southeast Asia, Asia, climate change, rice, control function, endogeneity, sampling, agriculture, crop yield

JEL Classification: C12, D13, Q12

Suggested Citation

Yu, Bingxin and Zhu, Tingju and Breisinger, Clemens and Nguyen, Ha Manh, How are Farmers Adapting to Climate Change in Vietnam? Endogeneity and Sample Selection in a Rice Yield Model (March 1, 2013). IFPRI Discussion Paper 01248. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2235620 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2235620

Bingxin Yu (Contact Author)

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) ( email )

1201 Eye St, NW,
Washington, DC 20005
United States

Tingju Zhu

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) ( email )

1201 Eye St, NW,
Washington, DC 20005
United States

Clemens Breisinger

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) ( email )

2033 K Street, NW
Washington, DC 20006
United States

Ha Manh Nguyen

Central Institute of Economic Management ( email )

68 Phan ─Éinh Phung
Hanoi, Ba Dinh
Vietnam

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