Service Sector Metabolism: Accounting for Energy Impacts of the Montjuic Urban Park in Barcelona

16 Pages Posted: 20 Mar 2013

See all articles by Jordi Oliver‐Solà

Jordi Oliver‐Solà

Autonomous University of Barcelona

Montserrat Núñez

Autonomous University of Barcelona

Xavier Gabarrell

Autonomous University of Barcelona

Martí Boada

Autonomous University of Barcelona

Joan Rieradevall

Autonomous University of Barcelona

Date Written: April 2007

Abstract

This article evaluates, from an industrial ecology (IE) perspective, the energy performance of the services inside an urban system and determines their global environmental impact. Additionally, this study determines which are the most energy demanding services and the efficiency of their energy use per visitor and per surface area unit. The urban system under study is the Montjuïc urban park in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain, which can be considered a services system. In this case study we distinguished the different patterns of consumption among the service fields and, by studying each field individually, found the most efficient facilities and identified the most critical services based on energy use per visitor or per square meter. These findings are based on the use of energy flow accounting (EFA), life‐cycle assessment (LCA), and the energy footprint to analyze the Park's technical energy consumption. Electricity consumption represents nearly 70% of the total energy consumed by the services at Montjuïc Park. The forest surface area required to absorb the CO2‐equivalent emissions produced by the life cycle of the energy consumed at Montjuïc Park represents 12.2 times the Park's surface area. We conclude this article by proposing the incorporation of the methods of IE within the study of parks containing multiple services to improve energy management, and as a result, to raise the global environmental performance of the service sector.

Keywords: energy footprint, energy use, industrial ecology, integrated environmental assessment, sustainable cities, urban ecosystem

Suggested Citation

Oliver‐Solà, Jordi and Núñez, Montserrat and Gabarrell, Xavier and Boada, Martí and Rieradevall, Joan, Service Sector Metabolism: Accounting for Energy Impacts of the Montjuic Urban Park in Barcelona (April 2007). Journal of Industrial Ecology, Vol. 11, Issue 2, pp. 83-98, 2007, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2236020 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1162/jie.2007.1193

Jordi Oliver‐Solà (Contact Author)

Autonomous University of Barcelona ( email )

Plaça Cívica
Cerdañola del Valles
Barcelona, Barcelona 08193
Spain

Montserrat Núñez

Autonomous University of Barcelona

Plaça Cívica
Cerdañola del Valles
08193

Xavier Gabarrell

Autonomous University of Barcelona

Plaça Cívica
Cerdañola del Valles
Barcelona, Barcelona 08193
Spain

Martí Boada

Autonomous University of Barcelona

Plaça Cívica
Cerdañola del Valles
Barcelona, Barcelona 08193
Spain

Joan Rieradevall

Autonomous University of Barcelona

Plaça Cívica
Cerdañola del Valles
Barcelona, Barcelona 08193
Spain

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