The Evolving Role of Reserve Requirements in Monetary Policy

15 Pages Posted: 21 Mar 2013 Last revised: 3 Apr 2013

Date Written: March 20, 2013


The design of monetary policy has been a subject of debate in the specialized literature. Over the last three decades, this literature has moved from questioning the very existence of reserve requirements (RRs) to analyzing and discussing their role as a tool for monetary policy. The large variation in how central banks implement RRs around the world suggests that a consensus has yet to emerge on what constitutes an optimal reserve requirement strategy. I survey the main modeling strategies which incorporate RRs in the design of monetary policy. Furthermore, I discuss different modeling approaches in which RRs can affect the banking system, improve monetary policy decisions, and help achieve a central bank’s macroeconomic objectives.

Keywords: Reserve requirements, monetary policy

JEL Classification: E31, O42

Suggested Citation

Carrera, César, The Evolving Role of Reserve Requirements in Monetary Policy (March 20, 2013). Journal of CENTRUM Cathedra: The Business and Economics Research Journal, Vol. 6, Issue 1, pp. 11-25, 2013. Available at SSRN:

César Carrera (Contact Author)

Central Reserve Bank of Peru ( email )


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