Security, Conflict and the Formalization of Property Rights in Rural Tanzania
Posted: 22 Mar 2013
Date Written: 2013
One of the most dramatic developments in Tanzania in recent years is the movement to formalize property rights in rural Tanzania. The process, which started in Mbozi District in Mbeya in the Southwest of the country around 2004, has been rapidly spreading to other regions. While there has been a multiplicity of actors involved each with different funding sources, methods, interests, international connections, and locations, one common focal point has been the assumed effect that formalizing property right will have in reducing conflict and securing the property rights of farmers and pastoralists. Our paper explores the impact of the creation of land registries, land tribunals and formalization of customary land rights in two regions. Manyara only began large scale systematic titling in 2009 in a Ministry of Lands Project supported by the World Bank. Mbeyas earlier titling effort allows us to evaluate and compare the impact of the formalization process at different time points. Does conflict get reduced over time? Does security of tenure improve? How does it differ among different socio-groups? Are there clear winners and losers? Based on a household survey and semi-structured interviews we will try to unravel the political economy of the local struggle for land.
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