Trade Liberalisation: Can Restriction and Protectionism Ever Be a Sound Policy

10 Pages Posted: 24 Mar 2013

See all articles by Dr Sumantra Maitra

Dr Sumantra Maitra

Royal-Hist-Soc; Center For The National Interest - CFTNI

Date Written: August 1, 2012


Trade liberalization or free trade is a highly contested subject, especially in the current global financial scenario and ongoing economic recession and slowdown, which draws feverish support and equally violent condemnation. Whether trade liberalization hurts the poor or not is itself a matter of great debate and difference of opinion, one that can be seen in the recent latest move to allow Foreign Direct Investment (hereinafter FDI) by the Indian Government, and the varied reactions from both sides of the spectrum. There are arguments that Trade liberalization helps in growth and growth ultimately helps in lowering poverty, but on the other hand the uniformity of the benefits of globalisaion and trade liberalization is questioned. Arguments against trade liberalization claim that it can cost jobs and even lives, due to cheaper goods not facing the stringent checks at the market, or due to the loss of livelihood due to competition. Proponents and supporters, claim trade liberalization ultimately lowers consumer costs, fosters economic growth while maximizing efficiency. In this essay an effort is made to point down the basic aspects of trade liberalization and free and open market, how they benefit, and how they hurt poor, if at all, and when.

Keywords: Trade Liberalization, FDI, India, China, Protectionism

JEL Classification: F15, F14

Suggested Citation

Maitra, Dr Sumantra, Trade Liberalisation: Can Restriction and Protectionism Ever Be a Sound Policy (August 1, 2012). Available at SSRN: or

Dr Sumantra Maitra (Contact Author)

Royal-Hist-Soc ( email )

The Royal Historical Society, University College L
United Kingdom

Center For The National Interest - CFTNI ( email )

1025 Connecticut Avenue NW
Washington, DC, DC 20036
United States

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Abstract Views
PlumX Metrics