Japan and Mexico as Global Players in the Horticultural World Market: Lessons and Challenges for Sinaloa
Institute of Developing Economies, JETRO, V.R.F. Series No. 442, January 2009
87 Pages Posted: 24 Mar 2013
Date Written: October 2, 2008
Horticultural trade reflects the major features of current Globalization. The first one is the multi polarization of the economic world, whereas especially three great centers are dominating, namely, the USA, the EU and East Asia (China and Japan).
The structure and trends of this trade can be explained by the Food Regime analytical approach, which states that during the Third Food Regime, started since mid-1980´s, vegetables and fruits became the most relevant part of international agricultural trade flows. In this context Mexico is playing an important role, as major exporter of fresh products, and Japan, as main buyer of these items. Mexico is located in the sphere of influence of the USA and Japan is the axis of the East Asian economic bloc. Mexican exports are depending strongly from the USA market and Japan´s demand of food must be satisfied mostly by imports, particularly from USA and China.
At the same time, Mexican fresh vegetables are losing competitiveness in their principal market and the Japanese consumer is losing confidence on the safety of imported foods from China and the USA.
All these facts make clear the necessity, for both countries, of diversify their markets. Therefore it is necessary to explore the possibilities of enhancing the horticultural trade between Japan and Mexico. Mexico and particularly Sinaloa, as the most important producing area of fresh vegetables, could meet some aspects of the current Japanese demand of food. In order to do this it is unavoidable to know the Japanese horticultural sector, its market and distribution system. It is also advisable to identify the main actors in the horticultural sector and to study the historical trends of consumption and imports of specific products.
The present study aims to contribute to the understanding of these issues.
Keywords: Japan, Mexico, Sinaloa, Horticultural Trade, Globalization
JEL Classification: F00, F19, N55, N66, Q17
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation