Gravity Modeling: International Trade and R&D

International Journal of Business Management and Administration Vol. 2(5), pp. 073-080, May 2013

8 Pages Posted: 28 Mar 2013 Last revised: 3 Jun 2013

See all articles by Dushko Josheski

Dushko Josheski

University Goce Delcev

Risto Fotov

University Goce Delcev

Date Written: March 26, 2013

Abstract

In this paper issue of gravity modeling in international trade has been investigated. Standard gravity equation augmented with other variables to control for transportation cost, whether trade partners are neighbors and whether country is landlocked, or countries participants in trade have had colonial history together. Also in our model we control whether traded commodities are homogenous, differentiated or high tech, as well referenced. Variable to denote technology are: TAI index, which stands for technological achievement index, also variables for creation and diffusion of technology, as measured by the number of patents from the residents and royalty and license fees receipts, by the foreign citizens. Results are as expected and the show that trade is highly dependent on the exporters and importers levels of technology.

Keywords: bilateral trade, gravity model, R&D, OLS, PPML

JEL Classification: F11, F41

Suggested Citation

Josheski, Dushko and Fotov, Risto, Gravity Modeling: International Trade and R&D (March 26, 2013). International Journal of Business Management and Administration Vol. 2(5), pp. 073-080, May 2013, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2239632 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2239632

Dushko Josheski (Contact Author)

University Goce Delcev ( email )

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Macedonia
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HOME PAGE: http://www.ugd.edu.mk/

Risto Fotov

University Goce Delcev ( email )

Stip
Macedonia

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