Agency Costs and Tax Planning when the Government is a Major Shareholder
56 Pages Posted: 27 Mar 2013 Last revised: 6 Nov 2018
Date Written: October 31, 2018
In state owned enterprises (SOEs), taxes are a dividend to the controlling shareholder, the state, but a cost to other shareholders. We examine publicly traded firms in China and find significantly lower tax avoidance by SOEs relative to non-SOEs. The differences are pronounced for locally versus centrally-owned SOEs and during the year of SOE term performance evaluations. We link our results to managerial incentives through promotion tests, finding that higher SOE tax rates are associated with higher promotion frequencies of SOE managers. Our results suggest managerial incentives and tax reporting are conditional on the ownership structure of the firm.
Keywords: Tax Avoidance, Ownership Structure, Agency Conflict, China, Incentives
JEL Classification: H25, G32, M40, M49
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation