Gender Differences in Long Term Health Outcomes of Internal Migrants in Italy

Posted: 5 Apr 2013 Last revised: 3 Mar 2014

See all articles by Vincenzo Atella

Vincenzo Atella

University of Rome Tor Vergata - Centre for International Studies on Economic Growth (CEIS); Department of Economics and Finance; University of Rome Tor Vergata - Faculty of Economics

Partha Deb

City University of New York, CUNY Hunter College - Department of Economics

Date Written: March 29, 2013

Abstract

This article examines the long term physical and mental health effects of internal migration. We use data from Italy that allows us to study a relatively unique migration experience from Southern and Northeastern regions of Italy to Northwestern ones and to the region around Rome concentrated over a relatively short period from 1950-1970. We distinguish between impacts on women and men and between "early" and "late" migrants. We use finite mixture models to account for heterogeneity in the effects of migration and find that there is a statistically significant and substantial improvement in physical and mental health for rural migrant females. In addition, for these women the effect can be attributed to better living conditions at the destination and not due to selection. Even with the finite mixture models, we find no evidence of migration-health effects for the later cohort, nor for males in the early cohort. Finally, we do not find evidence of selection effect.

Keywords: Health status, Migration decisions, Finite Mixture models, Italy

JEL Classification: C23; I11; L23

Suggested Citation

Atella, Vincenzo and Deb, Partha, Gender Differences in Long Term Health Outcomes of Internal Migrants in Italy (March 29, 2013). CEIS Working Paper No. 269. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2241507 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2241507

Vincenzo Atella (Contact Author)

University of Rome Tor Vergata - Centre for International Studies on Economic Growth (CEIS) ( email )

Via Columbia, 2
Rome, I-00133
Italy
+39 06 72595648 (Phone)

Department of Economics and Finance ( email )

Via Columbia 2
Roma, 00133
Italy

University of Rome Tor Vergata - Faculty of Economics ( email )

Via Columbia n.2
I-00133 Rome, 00133
Italy
+39 06 72595635 (Phone)
+30 06 2020 500 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.economia.uniroma2.it/sefemeq/professori/atella/

Partha Deb

City University of New York, CUNY Hunter College - Department of Economics ( email )

695 Park Avenue
New York, NY 10021
United States

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