Monsoon Babies: Rainfall Shocks and Child Nutrition in Nepal

34 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2016

See all articles by Sailesh Tiwari

Sailesh Tiwari

World Bank; Brown University - Department of Economics

Hanan G. Jacoby

World Bank - Agriculture and Rural Development Department; World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)

Emmanuel Skoufias

World Bank

Date Written: March 1, 2013

Abstract

Do household consumption-smoothing strategies in poor countries entail significant long-run costs in terms of reduced human capital? This paper exploits the timing of monsoon rainfall shocks and the seasonal nature of agriculture to isolate income effects on early childhood anthropometric outcomes in rural Nepal and to provide evidence on the persistence of these effects into later childhood. Findings suggest that a 10 percent increase in rainfall from historic norms during the most recently completed monsoon leads to a 0.15 standard deviation increase in weight-for-age for children ages 0-36 months. This total impact consists of a negative "disease environment effect" of no more than 0.02 standard deviations and a positive "income effect" as high as 0.17 standard deviations. Consistent with this interpretation, excess monsoon rainfall also enhances child stature, but only if the monsoon rainfall shock is experienced in the second year of life. Moreover, this effect on child height is transitory, dissipating completely by age five.

Keywords: Science of Climate Change, Environmental Economics & Policies, Global Environment Facility, Water Conservation, Youth and Governance

Suggested Citation

Tiwari, Sailesh and Jacoby, Hanan G. and Skoufias, Emmanuel, Monsoon Babies: Rainfall Shocks and Child Nutrition in Nepal (March 1, 2013). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 6395, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2241953

Sailesh Tiwari (Contact Author)

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Brown University - Department of Economics ( email )

64 Waterman Street
Providence, RI 02912
United States

Hanan G. Jacoby

World Bank - Agriculture and Rural Development Department ( email )

1818 H Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20433
United States

HOME PAGE: http://econ.worldbank.org/staff/hjacoby

World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)

1818 H. Street, N.W.
MSN3-311
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Emmanuel Skoufias

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

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