A Model of 42 Models of Creativity: Plus a New Model Derived from Selecting 7 of Them -- The Four Cycle Model -- Combining 7 Models -- Subcreations, Insight, Creation Process, Question Finding Dynamics, Population Automaton, Darwinian Systems Models of Creativity
Journal of Policy Studies, Policy Studies Association of Japan, 2001
117 Pages Posted: 3 Apr 2013
Date Written: September 1, 2001
A META-MODEL OF MODELS OF CREATIVITY -- This article presents a model of 42 models of creativity from the research literature. Weaknesses in the last five years of research journal publishing on creativity are then specified and understood with reference to this model of models.
ONE NEW MODEL OF CREATIVITY -- A new model of creativity -- a garbage can type model -- called the “Four Cycle Model” -- that corrects certain, but not all, weaknesses in that research literature including well-known models by Amabile, Simonton, Sternberg, Martindale, Gruber, Runco, and others is presented.
13 VARIABLES -- Thirteen types of variables are included in this new model: long-term background variable types (culture, socio-economics, self type), creation variable types (mental fluency and association breadth, subcreations, creativity processes, creation dynamics, question finding dynamics, creative output), audience variable types (audience hot topics), short term background variable types (career, environment, workstyle). Of these thirteen, subcreations plays the linchpin role, in various ways.
FOUR FEEDBACK LOOPS -- Four feedbacks are explicitly modeled: one, creative outputs change long term background variables of the creator which in turn change creative outputs; two, creative outputs change short term variables of the society which in turn change creative outputs; three, creative intermediate outputs change questions pursued by the creator which determine creation process steps done which specify creation functions applied which change creative outputs; and four, mental flexibility and breadth of association achieved change subcreations invented, which, in turn, change mental flexibility and association breadth possible.
SEVEN OTHER MODELS IN DETAIL -- The Four Cycles Model, that this paper presents, includes seven other models of creativity within it, explained in this article: the subcreations model, insight model, creation dynamics model, question finding dynamics model, darwinian systems model, culture mix model, and population automaton model. 303 variables affecting creativity are encompassed in these models.
SOCIAL PROCESS, CULTURE, CAREER, & OTHER MODELS AS CREATIVITY INPUTS -- The Four Cycle Model includes models of other long-term and short-term background aspects that influence creativity (culture, self image, workstyle, career dynamics, work environment, and social processes).
ASSESSMENT QUESTIONNAIRE -- A 44 page creativity questionnaire produced from this model is attached as an appendix. A stratified sample of 63 creator types in Japanese society is presented as the target population the questionnaire is being administered to now and over the next few years. Hypotheses and research questions derived from the 4 cycle model are summarized at the end of the article.
Keywords: meta-model, meta-creation, meta-cognition, model of models, creativity models, model repertoires, not single right-y models, subcreations, culture mixes, population automatons, insights as non-linear system avalanche events
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