International Peacekeeping and Micro-Foundations for Positive Peace: Lab-in-the Field Evidence from Kosovo

48 Pages Posted: 4 Apr 2013 Last revised: 18 Sep 2013

Vera Mironova

University of Maryland

Sam Whitt

High Point University - Department of Political Science

Date Written: April 2, 2013

Abstract

\We consider the impact of international peacekeeping forces on micro-foundations for positive peace after violence. Our approach uses novel experimental methods to illustrate how third-party monitoring and enforcement mechanisms could enhance intergroup trust and deter the rise of would-be spoilers. Our experiment shows that while third-party intervention can have short-term positive effects on trust, spoiler activity increases once monitoring and enforcement mechanisms are removed, undermining most gains. At the same time, we also find that interventions with clear enforcement mechanisms perform better to enhance trust and deter spoiler behavior than monitoring alone. We then consider whether our experimental results have real-world extensions to different peacekeeping intervention strategies for building positive peace after violence. By exploiting heterogeneity in NATO peacekeeping strategies in different regions of post-war Kosovo, our experimental inferences about monitoring and enforcement appear robust to ecological conditions in the field.

Keywords: UN, peacekeeping, Kosovo

Suggested Citation

Mironova, Vera and Whitt, Sam, International Peacekeeping and Micro-Foundations for Positive Peace: Lab-in-the Field Evidence from Kosovo (April 2, 2013). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2243770 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2243770

Vera Mironova (Contact Author)

University of Maryland ( email )

College Park
College Park, MD 20742
United States

Sam Whitt

High Point University - Department of Political Science ( email )

833 Montlieu Avenue
High Point, NC 27262
United States

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