Portuguese Living Standards, 1720–1980, in European Comparison: Heights, Income, and Human Capital

34 Pages Posted: 3 Apr 2013

See all articles by Yvonne Stolz

Yvonne Stolz

University of Tuebingen

Joerg Baten

University of Tuebingen

Jaime Reis

University of Lisbon - Institute of Social Science

Date Written: May 2013

Abstract

When and why did the Portuguese become the shortest Europeans? In order to find the answer to this question, we trace the trend in Portuguese living standards from the 1720s until recent times. We find that during the early nineteenth century average height in Portugal did not differ significantly from average height in most other European countries, but that when, around 1850, European anthropometric values began to climb sharply, Portugal's did not. In a panel analysis of 12 countries, we find that delay in human‐capital formation was the chief factor hindering any improvement in the biological standard of living in Portugal.

Suggested Citation

Stolz, Yvonne and Baten, Joerg and Reis, Jaime, Portuguese Living Standards, 1720–1980, in European Comparison: Heights, Income, and Human Capital (May 2013). The Economic History Review, Vol. 66, Issue 2, pp. 545-578, 2013. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2244046 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-0289.2012.00658.x

Yvonne Stolz (Contact Author)

University of Tuebingen ( email )

Wilhelmstr. 19
72074 Tuebingen, Baden Wuerttemberg 72074
Germany

Joerg Baten

University of Tuebingen ( email )

Wilhelmstr. 19
72074 Tuebingen, Baden Wuerttemberg 72074
Germany

Jaime Reis

University of Lisbon - Institute of Social Science ( email )

Av. Professor Anibal Betencourt, 9
Lisboa, 1649-004
Portugal

Register to save articles to
your library

Register

Paper statistics

Downloads
1
Abstract Views
198
PlumX Metrics