Measuring the Effect of a Community-Level Program on Women's Empowerment Outcomes: Evidence from India

43 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2016

See all articles by Eeshani Kandpal

Eeshani Kandpal

World Bank

Kathy Baylis

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign - Department of Agricultural and Consumer Economics

Mary Arends-Kuenning

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Date Written: April 1, 2013

Abstract

This paper uses primary data from rural north India to show that participation in a community-level female empowerment program significantly increases access to employment, physical mobility, and political participation. The program provides support groups, literacy camps, adult education classes, and vocational training for rural women in several states of India; the data are from Uttarakhand. The paper uses instrumental variables and truncation-corrected matching on primary data to disentangle the program's mechanisms, separately considering its effect on women who work, and those who do not work but whose reservation wage is increased by participation. The analysis also finds significant spillover effects on non-participants relative to women in untreated districts. It finds consistent estimates for average treatment and intent to treat effects

Keywords: Gender and Law, Population Policies, Primary Education, Social Accountability, Anthropology

Suggested Citation

Kandpal, Eeshani and Baylis, Kathy and Arends-Kuenning, Mary, Measuring the Effect of a Community-Level Program on Women's Empowerment Outcomes: Evidence from India (April 1, 2013). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 6399, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2245476

Eeshani Kandpal (Contact Author)

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Kathy Baylis

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign - Department of Agricultural and Consumer Economics ( email )

1301 W. Gregory Drive
Urbana, IL 61801
United States

Mary Arends-Kuenning

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign ( email )

601 E John St
1301 W Gregory Drive
Urbana, IL 61801
United States

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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