The Crisis of a Definition: Human Trafficking in Bulgarian Law

Amsterdam Law Forum, Vol. 5, No. 1, pp. 64-79, 2013

16 Pages Posted: 9 Apr 2013

Date Written: April 1, 2013

Abstract

This article develops two arguments. First, at a national level in Bulgaria, the human trafficking framework is inoperable for identifying abuses worthy of consideration. By comparing the Bulgarian criminal law definition of human trafficking with the international law definition, I argue that the national criminal law definition is overly inclusive. This state of the Bulgarian criminal law makes it difficult to undertake a realistic assessment of the problem. Second, I submit that because the focus in Bulgaria has been exclusively directed towards the crime of human trafficking, the fact that the abuses of slavery, servitude and forced labour as such have not been criminalised at a domestic level has remained ignored. Thus, abuses that constitute slavery, servitude and forced labour, but do not manifest elements of human trafficking, might be left without proper investigation and prosecution.

Keywords: Bulgarian criminal law, human trafficking, slavery, servitude, forced labour, Palermo Protocol, Bulgarian law, Stoyanova

Suggested Citation

Stoyanova, Vladislava, The Crisis of a Definition: Human Trafficking in Bulgarian Law (April 1, 2013). Amsterdam Law Forum, Vol. 5, No. 1, pp. 64-79, 2013, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2246706

Vladislava Stoyanova (Contact Author)

Lund University, Law Faculty ( email )

Lilla Gråbrödersgatan 4
Lund, 222 22
Sweden

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