Europe: From Emancipation to Empowerment

78 Pages Posted: 9 Apr 2013

See all articles by Alexander Somek

Alexander Somek

University of Iowa - College of Law

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: April 8, 2013


Marx is dead. But so is Hayek. With neoliberalism crumbling, Europeans are beginning to wonder what it is that is really wrong with the current European Union. The paper proposes the following answer: To this day, European integration has not been a process of emancipation. This shortcoming, however, is not written on the Union’s face. It requires, pursuant to best psychological traditions, a careful analysis of symptoms. One indication of the absence of emancipation is, indeed, the Union’s rhetorical embrace of empowerment.

Keywords: European Integration, Economic Liberalism, Emancipation, Socialism, De-commodification, Individualism, Empowerment

JEL Classification: Z00

Suggested Citation

Somek, Alexander, Europe: From Emancipation to Empowerment (April 8, 2013). LEQS Paper No. 60, Available at SSRN: or

Alexander Somek (Contact Author)

University of Iowa - College of Law ( email )

Melrose and Byington
Iowa City, IA 52242
United States

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